The Climate Change Project (CCP) is a UNFCCC Observer Project, Official Observer Organization for United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Talks and Conference of the Parties (COP).
Last year, members of the the CCP team participated in 5 UNFCCC meetings – 1 in Geneva, 3 in Bonn, and COP 21 in Paris where members advocated for the use of mediation and facilitative negotiation to be considered modalities used to address compliance disputes. MBBI’s submission on this topic was accepted and posted on the UNFCCC website. CCP also had a booth for both weeks in Paris where CCP educated many Party delegates and members of Civil Society about the beneficial uses of mediation to address climate change issues.
In May 2015, CCP attend the forty-fourth sessions of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI 44) and Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 44) as well as the first session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement (APA 1). At this meeting the Parties began the process of determining the modalities, procedures and guidelines to be used by the Parties to promote compliance and implementation of the Paris Agreement. For instance, work was done relating to nationally determined contributions referred to in Article 4 of the Paris Agreement.
Project Team Leaders: P. Mark Kirwin, Executive Team Leader/UNFCCC Designated Contact Person; Tom Fiutak, Executive Team Leader; Gregg Walker, Executive Team Leader
Project Team: MBBI continues to have mediators present at the UNFCCC climate change talks and will be participating in the Conference of the Parties.
Summary of Participation
MBBI is an accredited observer organization of the UNFCCC, a role accepted in 2009. Since then, MBB members have attended UNFCCC sessions in Bangkok, Barcelona, Copenhagen, Bonn, Cancun, Panama, Durban, Doha and Warsaw promoting sustainable conflict resolution capacity and advocating for the inclusion of mediation into legally binding instruments.
MBBI is a non-profit, humanitarian organization established to partner with communities worldwide to build their conflict resolution capacity for preventing, resolving and healing from conflict. This partnership involves the design and implementation of sustainable peace building initiatives responsive to the needs and culture of the communities, and to the history of each conflict.
MBBI proposes that the term “mediation” be included for the peaceful settlement of climate change conflict and disputes to be addressed and used by the different UNFCCC Working Groups. It is intended that mediation serve as a mechanism to settle (manage and resolve) conflicts and disputes stemming from the implementation, interpretation, and consequences of the policies implemented by UNFCCC for an agreed outcome and legal instrument to address climate change. These disputes and conflicts should be addressed in a balanced, neutral, integrated, and comprehensive manner.
Specifically, MBBI proposes that the following text be included in a legally binding instrument under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change:
“Recognizing that conflicts and disputes are an inevitable and adverse effect of climate change, the Parties are encouraged to use mediation, conciliation, arbitration, and actions before the International Court of Justice to settle their climate change conflicts and disputes.”
MBBI further proposes (under Article 6 of the Convention, Education, Training and Public Awareness) that the parties should promote and facilitate — at the national, sub-regional, regional and local levels — the development and implementation of educational and public awareness programs for mediation, conflict management, and informal problem solving to address climate change and its effects.
Please click here to see an interview given by team co-leader Gregg Walker and team member Suzi Norbeck at the COP19.